Edinburgh – 3 December 1557.
We, perceiving how Satan in his members, the Antichrist of our time, cruelly does rage, seeking to overthrow and destroy the gospel of Christ and His congregation, ought, according to our bounden duty, to strive in our master`s cause, even unto the death, being certain of the victory in Him; the which, our duty being well considered, we do promise before the majesty of God and His congregation, that we, by his Grace, shall with all diligence continually apply all our power, substance and our very lives, to maintain, set forward, and establish the most blessed Word of God and His congregation, and shall labour according to our powers, to have faithful ministers, truly and purely to minister Christ`s sacraments to His people. We shall maintain them, nourish them, and defend them, the whole congregation of Christ, and every member thereof according to our whole powers, and waging of our lives, against Satan, and all wicked power that doth intend tyranny or trouble against the aforesaid congregation. Unto which the Holy Word and congregation we do join us; and so do forsake and renounce the congregation of Satan with all the superstitious abominations and idolatry thereof. And, moreover, shall declare ourselves manifest enemies thereto, by this our faithful promise before God, testified to this congregation by our subscription at these presents.
A. Erle of Ergyl
A. Lord of Lorne
Johnne Erskyne of Doun
In opposition to the proposed marriage of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, the Roman Catholic Francis II, Dauphin of France, what later became known as the First Covenant of Scotland was signed by a number of Scottish Protestant nobles. It was a contract between God and man, to stand “against the Congregation of Satan”, or the Roman Catholics.